Main Article Content
Education is a learnt behaviour, which shapes and moulds the nature of a human being by transforming him/her into a human resource and helps in social progress. Children start learning in the lap of their parents. They are bought up by accumulating the knowledge gained from the interaction with the family members. This interaction varies from one family to another. Even when they start going to an institution for the formal education, home environment leaves an influence on his/her attitude towards education. In addition to institutional influence, proper understanding of the impact of home environment is essential for taking due care in development of human resource. Backwardness of the female students in different hierarchies of the educational sector is a major concern in India as well as in West Bengal since a very long period. In spite of ample efforts to increase the rate of enrolment and to develop the quality of education in both national and state level, the progress in terms of actual involvement in educational activities is not up to the mark in many cases.
In the light of this background, a grass-root level study has been conducted to understand the role of home environment on determining the academic involvement of the female students belonging to different hierarchies of tribe-caste continuum in a rural context of Bankura District, West Bengal. It aims to identify the major components of home environment, which determine the level of cohort specific academic involvement in the type of families from different social background. In order to retrieve various perspectives on their home environment, we surveyed female students reading in VIII —XII and belonging to the age group 13 to 18 years. From the micro level analysis, it has been found that caste and tribal identity based disparity as well as family type wise differences in level of academic involvement (LAI) is profound in the study area. Home environment is having a significant positive influence over LAI of female students. Factors like economic status of the family, parents’ educational level, fathers’ occupation, parents’ support for education of their daughters have shown a positive impact over LAI. On the other hand, mothers’ engagement in different works outside the home, time invested by the cohort in household works/day and exposure to domestic violence is hindering LAI significantly in the study area. However, this study fails to find any significant influence of the number of siblings, parents’ support for economic independence as well as mobility of their daughters on actual involvement in academic involvement of adolescent girl students in the concerned area.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Alam, M. S. & S. Raju (2007). Contextualilising Inter and Intra-religious and Gendered Literacy and Educational Disparities in Rural Bihar. Economic and Politial Weekly, 42 (18), pp. 1613-1622. Retrieved from http:// www. Jstor.org/ stable/ 4419545 on 05-08-2015 at 12:53 P.M.
Babatunde, M. M. & M. K. Olanrewaju (2014). Predictive Influence of Students’ Academic Engagement and Academic Self-concept on Achievement Motivation among Post –Graduate Students in University of Ibadan.International Journal of Science and Research, 3 (5), pp. 497-502. ISSN: 2319-7064.
Badola, S. (2013). A Study of Home Climate and Social Environment of the Senior Secondary School Students in Relation to Their Decision Maturity.Educationia Confab, 2 (4), pp. 62-67. ISSN: 2320-009X.
Banerjee, D. (2017). Graph of Violence over Women in West Bengal and India: The Possible Way Out. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 6 (1), pp. 20-25. E- ISSN: 2279- 0837, P-ISSN: 2279-0845.
Berger, J., &, J. Milem (1999). The Role of Student Involvement and Perceptions of Integration in a Causal Model of Student Persistence. Research in Higher Education, 40(6), 641–664. : https://www.researchgate.net/publication/251175685 DOI: 10.1023/A: 1018708813711
Bhadra, M. (Ed.). (1999). Girl Child in Indian Society. Rawat Publications, New Delhi.
Bhattacharyya, R., and Vauquline, P. (2013). A Mirage or a Rural Life Line? Analysing the impact of Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act on Women Beneficiaries of Assam. Space And Culture, India, 1(1), 83-101. doi:10.20896/saci.v1i1.10
Caliskan, B. O. O, &, B. A. Mecangoz (2013).Satisfaction and Academic Engagement among Undergraduate Students: A Case Study in Istambul University. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science, 2(4), pp. 84-92.ISSN: 2147-4478.
Choudhary, S. (2013). Domestic Violence in India. Journal of Indian Research, 1 (2), pp. 116-152. ISSN: 2321-4155.
Choudhary, G. B. (2014). Adolescence Education. PHI Learnig, New Delhi.
Chouhan, P. (2013). A Study on Literacy and Educational Attainment of Scheduled Castes Population in Maldah District of West Bengal, India. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, 6 (1), pp. 19-30.ISSN: 2070-1845.
Croll, E. J. (2006). From the Girl Child to Girls' Right. The Politics of Rights: Dilemmas for Feminist Praxis, 27 (7), pp. 1285- 1297. Retrieved from http:// www. Jstor.org/ stable/ 4017755 on 20-07-2015 at 06:06 P.M.
Desai, N. & M. Krishnaraj. (1990). Women and Society in India. Delhi: Ajanta Publications India.
Dhall, S. (2014). A Study of Academic Achievement among Adolescents in Relation to Achievement Motivation and Home Environment, Journal of All India Association for Educational Research, 26 (1), pp. 1- 6. Retrieved from http://www.aiaer.net/ejournal/vol26114/P4.pdf on 16-04-2015 at 11: 09 P.M.
Dreze, J. & H. Gazdar. (1999). Uttar Pradesh: The Burden of Inertia. In J. Dreze and A.Sen (Ed.), Indian Development: Selected Regional Perspectives, Oxford University Press, New Delhi. pp. 01-32. ISBN:019564459 X.
Government of India (2011), Primary Census Abstract, West Bengal. Kolkata: Directorate of Census Operations, West bengal.
Gallin, R. (1997). Wife Abuse in the Context of Development and Change: A Chinese (Taiwanese) Case. in N. Visvanathan, L. Duggan, L. Nisonoff and N.Wiegersma (Ed.), The Women, Gender & Development Reader, The University Press Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh. pp. 150-155. ISBN: 984 05 1399 X.
Ghosh, B. and T. Choudhuri. (2017).New Protection against Domestic Violence in India. Indian Journal ofDevelopment Research and Social Action, 11 (1-2), pp. 111-128. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276267862 on 14-10-2017 at 8.41 pm.
Gurulingaiah, M. (2007). Tribal Culture, Change and Mobility. Anmol Publications, Delhi. ISBN: 81-261-3143-8.
Hebbar, R. (2014). Reflections on marginalization of tribes in South India. Yojona, 58, pp. 49-51.
Hu, S. & J. Polivy (1991). Maximizing What Students Get Out of College: Testing a Learning Productivity Model. Journal of College Student Development, 44, pp. 185-203.
Jha, M. (1999). An Introduction to Social Anthropology. Delhi: Vikas Publishing House. ISBN: 81-261-3143-8.
Kandiyoti, D. (1997). Bargaining with Patriarchy. in N. Visvanathan, L. Duggan, L. Nisonoff and N.Wiegersma (Ed.), The Women, Gender & Development Reader, The University Press Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh. pp. 86-92. ISBN: 984 05 1399 X.
Kuh, G., T. Cruce, R. Shoup, J. Kinzie & R. Gonyea (2008). Unmasking the effects of Student Engagement on First-year College Grades and Persistence. Journal of Higher Education, 79 (5), pp. 540-563.
Li, J., W. H. Dow, L. R. Bixby (2014). The Declining Effect of Sibling Size on Children’s Education in Costa Rica.Demographic Research, 31 (48), DOI: 10.4054/ DemRes.2014.31.48. pp. 1432-1454.
Mangal, S. K. (2015). Essentials of Educational Psychology. PHI Learning, Delhi.
Morgan, C.T., King, R.A., Weisz, J.R. & J. Schopler (1993). Introduction to Psychology. New Delhi: Tata MGraw Hill Education Private Limited. ISBN-13: 978-0-07-462250-6, ISBN-1-: 0-07-462250-1.
Parmar, R. N. (2014). A Study of Varous Dimensions of Home Environment among Higher Secondary School Students in Relation to Gender. International Journal for Technological Research in Engineering, 1(7), pp. 497-500. ISSN (Online): 2347 – 4718.
Raju, S. (1988). Female Literacy in India: The Urban Dimension. Economic and Political Weekly, 23(44), pp. WS57-WS59 and WS61- WS64. Retrieved fromhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/4393989 on 05-08-2015 at 05:30 p.m.
Raju, S. (1991). Gender and Deprivation: A Theme Revised with a Geographical Perspective . Economic and Political Weekly, 26(49), pp. 2827-2829, 2831-2833, 2835-2839. Retrieved from http:// www. Jstor.org/ stable/ 41625485 on 05-08-2015 at 11:43 a.m.
Ramachandran, V. (2016). Women and Girls' Education: Issues in India. Yojona, 60, pp. 33-36.
Rapheal, J., D.K. Damodaran and V. Paul K. (2014). Home Environment as Percieved by Adolescents of Kerala .International Research Journal of Social Sciences, 3(10), pp. 38-45. ISSN: 2319-3565.
Roy, A., Singh, P., and Roy, U. (2015). Impact of Rural-urban Labour Migration on Education of Children: A Case Study of Left behind and Accompanied Migrant Children in India. Space And Culture, India, 2(4), 17-34. doi:10.20896/saci.v2i4.74
Saldanha, D. (1999). Residual Illiteracy and Uneven Development: II: Literacy and Development Characteristics. Economic and Political Weekly, 34(28), pp. 1907-1921. Retrieved from http:// www. Jstor.org/ stable/ 4408184 on 05-08-2015 at 09:41 P.M.
Sarkar, R.M. (2000). Introduction to Anthropology,M. Roy, Kolkata.
Sarkar, P.K. (2010). A Study on domestic Violence against Adult and Adolescent Females in a Rural Area of West Bengal. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 35(2), pp. 311-315. DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.66881.
Sen, A. (1999). Radical Needs and Moderate Reforms. In J. Dreze and A.Sen (Ed.), Indian Development: Selected Regional Perspectives, Oxford University Press, New Delhi. pp. 01-32.ISBN:019564459 X.
Singh, P.K. (2011). Home Environment as the Determinant of Educational Aspiration. Recent Research in Science and Technology, 3(6), pp. 25-27. ISSN: 2076- 5061.
Sisodia, D.S. & A. Singh (2009). Adolescent Girls’ Empowerment Scale. Agra: Manasvi.
Stromquist, N.P. (1990). Women and Illiteracy: The Interplay of Gender Subordination and Poverty. Comparative Education Review, 34 (1), pp. 95-111. Retrieved from http:// www. Jstor.org/ stable/ 1188557on 05-08-2015 at 01:10 P.M.
Tilak, J.B.G. (1983). Inequality in Education by Sex. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, 18 (3), pp. 375-395.
Vauquline, P. (2015). Socialisation Process, Power Relations and Domestic Violence: Marginal voices of Assamese Women, 3 (2), pp. 54-71, 54-71. doi:10.20896/saci.v1i1.10
Webber, K.L., R.B. Krylow & Q. Zhang (2013). Does Involvement Really Matters? Indicators of College Student Success and Satisfaction. Journal of College Student Development, 54 (6), pp. 591-611.
Wolf, D. L. (1997). Daughters, Decisions and Dominations: An Empirical and Conceptual Critique of Household Strategies. in N. Visvanathan, L. Duggan, L. Nisonoff and N.Wiegersma (Ed.), The Women, Gender & Development Reader, The University Press Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh. pp. 119-127. ISBN: 984 05 1399 X.
Xaxa, V. (2014). Constitutional Provisions, Laws and Tribes. Yojona, 58, pp. 4-7.